COVID-19 RT PCR Test – Home Sample Collection in Mumbai & Report Online (ICMR Approved)
Available in Mumbai City
Test is run at ICMR Approved Labs such as Metropolis
About the COVID-19 RT PCR Test
Test contains -
- SARS-CoV-2 RT PCR based confirmatory test through swab test (RT PCR) lab analysis which is the gold-standard for COVID 19 detection, confirming the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in a home collected sample.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a large group of RNA viruses that cause diseases in animals as well as in humans. They have characteristic crown-like or club shaped spikes that project from their surface. Coronavirus usually causes an upper tract respiratory infection in humans and birds and can cause illness ranging from the common cold to diseases such as MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).
What are the prime symptoms of COVID 19?
According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the prime symptoms for COVID 19 include -
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
How does coronavirus spread?
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), coronavirus spreads through the droplets and aerosols of the infected person.The coronavirus spreads when these droplets are inhaled or come direct contact with eyes, nose or mouth of a healthy person that are nearby (less than or equal to 1 meter)
What is COVID-RT PCR test?
The COVID RT PCR test is the real time polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) test that measures the nucleic acid content of the SARS Cov 2 in the patient’s sample. The DNA of the patient is taken via a nasal swab and the test results are attained in 1-7 days, depending on the laboratory.
How long will it take to get the COVID RT PCR test?
For on-site testing, the samples may be tested within a few hours, but if the samples are sent elsewhere for RT PCR testing, it may take 1 - 7 days to get the results. On an average, the COVID RT PCR test results are obtained in 2 - 5 days.
How to interpret the results for the RT PCR test?
The results of the COVID RT PCR test are interpreted with the help of Ct Value graphs. The Ct (cycle threshold) is the number of cycles required for the fluorescent signal to cross the threshold (i.e. exceeds background level). Ct levels are inversely proportional to the amount of target nucleic acid in the sample (i.e. the lower the Ct level the greater the amount of target nucleic acid in the sample).
- Cts < 29 are strong positive reactions indicative of abundant target nucleic acid in the sample
- Cts of 30-37 are positive reactions indicative of moderate amounts of target nucleic acid.
- Cts of 38-40 are weak reactions indicative of minimal amounts of target nucleic acid which could represent an infection state or environmental contamination.
What is the name of COVID 19 Test?
There are 3 types of COVID-19 testing -
- Molecular Tests
- These tests look for the virus’s genetic material via a nasal or a throat swab and are the current standard for diagnosing COVID 19.
- Most testing sites use polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, which are very accurate and are usually performed in large certified covid testing labs.
- Antigen testing
- These rapid coronavirus tests, which detect certain proteins on the surface or in the virus, are inexpensive, efficient, and fast. Many of these tests have been FDA authorized for emergency use, some even in the home environment (Ellume).
- They can be used to make a clinical diagnosis in symptomatic patients in the first five days of symptoms.
- However, they aren’t currently recommended for screening asymptomatic populations.
- Antibody Testing
- These tests detect antibodies that signal that the body has mounted an immune response to the virus.
- They test whether you have antibodies to the virus, but not whether those are neutralizing antibodies, which are the best indicator that someone is protected from the virus.
- Therefore, they do not indicate whether a person has a current COVID-19 infection, or when they were exposed.
Is COVID test required for domestic air travel?
Currently, a COVID-19 test would be conducted only for symptomatic passengers. For domestic passengers, 14 days of home quarantine is mandatory. Only exemption would be granted to passengers who visit the state for a short period for purposes like business, official, trade, medical, court cases, property management.
How long to quarantine after a positive covid test?
- Asymptomatic: Isolate for 10 days after the first positive test.
- Symptomatic: Isolate for at least 10 days after symptom onset or until you have been fever free for at least 24 hours, whichever is longer.
- Severely ill: Isolate for at least 10 days and up to 20 days after symptom onset.
How is COVID test done?
There are three key steps to the COVID-19 PCR test
- Sample collection - done using a swab to collect respiratory material found in your nose.
- Extraction - When a laboratory technologist receives the sample, they perform a process called extraction, which isolates genetic material from the sample including genetic material from any virus that may be present.
- PCR - A PCR machine along with specific chemicals and special software is used to interpret the test results.
- All symptomatic individuals who have undertaken international travel in the last 14 days.
- All symptomatic contacts of laboratory confirmed cases.
- All symptomatic health care workers.
- All patients with Severe Acute Respiratory illness (fever AND cough and/or shortness of breath).
- Asymptomatic direct and high-risk contacts of a confirmed case should be tested once between day 5 and day 14 of coming in his/her contact
You are required to submit the following three documents which are mandated by the Government of India. Without these documents, the testing for 2019 Novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is not allowed.
- Government Photo ID proof (Aadhaar card/ Voter Id/ Driving license/Passport) to validate/ record the current address.
- Contact details