What is NIPT test? What do the NIPT results mean?

Time to read 3 min

NIPT or non invasive prenatal testing is a screening examination for ruling out genetic or chromosomal abnormalities. Prenatal testing NIPT results will show the risk factor by measuring cfDNA (cell free DNA) to understand whether there is a risk of a genetic condition present.

By around 11 to 17 weeks of pregnancy, your doctor may recommend getting a noninvasive prenatal testing done, to check if your baby may be at risk of conditions such as Down syndrome.

The NIPT test is performed for a range of chromosomal and genetic conditions as a screening measure, giving you precise information about your risk factor. 

NIPT testing is highly recommended in the following cases

NIPT is noninvasive prenatal testing for pregnant women, and the NIPT result can show whether your baby is at high risk of developing a condition. When understanding what is noninvasive prenatal testing, it is important to start with a review of when NIPT is necessary.

Pregnant women above the age of 35 years

The NIPT test is recommended for pregnant women above the age of 35 years, as there may be a higher risk factor associated with genetic abnormalities.

Abnormalities in ultrasound

If there are certain abnormalities present in the ultrasound, then you may need an NIPT test for complete clearance.

Family history of chromosomal abnormalities

If you have a family history of chromosomal abnormalities, then your doctor will recommend getting an NIPT test done.

Prior infertility or miscarriage

Women who have had issues with infertility and miscarriage, should get the NIPT test done as a screening examination.

What is the meaning of the NIPT results?

The maternal and foetal cfDNA or cell free DNA is measured to look for specific chromosomes and verify the values of cfDNA present.

The normal range indicates a negative result, which means that the foetus has a lower risk of the condition caused by the chromosome tested.

A positive result indicates a higher risk for the baby to develop the condition tested within the NIPT parameters.

It is also important to remember that the screening examination isn't a comprehensive determiner of whether your baby has the condition tested or not. Further testing may be required for analysis after NIPT testing as well.

Additional genetic testing may be required to correctly diagnose specific conditions during the trimester. You should always consult with a specialist to review your results for NIPT and other tests.

NIPT is a screening test

It is important to understand that NIPT is a screening test and not a diagnostic test for various genetic conditions. You should get a diagnostic test performed when there is a positive result determined within the NIPT test.

You should also know the different conditions covered within the NIPT test. This will help in ruling out various conditions that may be present, if you have a family history or have inherent risk factors.

How is the NIPT test performed?

The sample is collected in a streak tube, after which the testing parameters are analysed through the blood sample. After that, a complete NIPT report is generated with your risk factors.

How do I order an NIPT test in India?

You can place an order for the NIPT test for yourself or a loved one in India through MyDiagnostics. You can place the order in your cart and check-out with your payment details.

When will I get the NIPT test results?

In most cases, you will receive your NIPT test results within 15 days.

What is the cost of the NIPT test?

The NIPT test cost in India is INR 12500 when you order it from MyDiagnostics. You can gain the convenience of easy ordering, booking, and scheduling of the test.

Are there special instructions to follow for the NIPT test?

There are no special instructions for the NIPT test. Your blood sample will be collected at your convenience, and then tested for the NIPT parameters.

* Medical Disclaimer - The following information is for educational purposes only. No information provided on this website, including text, graphic, and images, are intended as substitutes for professional medical advice. Please consult with your doctor about specific medical advice pertaining to your condition(s).

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