HIV Test & STD Testing at Home
- HIV - I & II Elisa
- Anti Hepatitis C Virus (Anti HCV) - Total
- Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HbSAg)
- Anti Chlamydia Antibody IgG
- Anti Chlamydia Antibody IgM
- Herpes Simplex Virus II (HSV) - IgG
- Herpes Simplex Virus II (HSV) - IgM
- Treponema Pallidium Antibody (TPAB)
- Treponema Pallidium Haemagglutination (TPHA)
- VDRL (screening for Syphillis)
What is HIV ?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks your immune system thereby weakening it. This leaves the person susceptible to infections and diseases, which can further deteriorate the immune response. If untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It is best to get tested for HIV if you are experiencing chronic symptoms, to understand your HIV status.
What are the common types of STI's and STD's other than HIV/AIDS ?
Some of the most common STDs and STIs are:
- Genital herpes
- Genital warts or human papillomavirus (HPV). Certain high-risk types of HPV can cause cervical cancer in women
- Hepatitis B
What are the causes of HIV
HIV infections are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. You can get HIV from contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids.
- Most people get the virus by having unprotected sex with someone living with HIV.
- Another common way of getting it is by sharing drug needles with someone who is infected with HIV.
- The virus can also be passed from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding
HIV doesn't survive well outside the body. So it can't be spread by casual contact
like kissing or sharing drinking glasses with an infected person.
What are the symptoms of HIV
HIV may not cause symptoms early on. People who do have symptoms may mistake them for the flu Common early symptoms include:
- Sore throat
- Muscle aches and joint pain
- Swollen glands (swollen lymph nodes)
- Skin rash
The early symptoms usually go away within 2 to 3 weeks.
After the early symptoms go away, an infected person may not have symptoms again for many years. After a certain point, symptoms reappear and then remain. These symptoms usually include:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Extreme tiredness
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
What is STD testing?
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) can be tested with the help of a blood sample and urine tests, as recommended by the CDC. HIV being one of the many STDs can be tested via an at home blood test offered by MyDiagnostics. This safe, home based test for common STDs and STIs except HIV as well, like chlamydia, genital warts, syphilis, herpes etc.
Some of the main reasons why STD testing is important are as follows -
Testing for exposure risk
Regardless of if you know that you have an STD, a test can help you understand your risk exposure. If you have previously been in contact with someone who has tested positive, then it is right to get tested immediately to analyse your risk profile.
Spreading of STD to partner
Whether you are in a monogamous relationship or have multiple partners, speaking to your partner is important. You should also know your STD status so that you can track it to ensure that you don't accidently spread it to your partner.
Escalation of disease/secondary conditions
Untreated STDs can lead to worse conditions, especially as it relates to your sexual health. Sex organs can be immediately affected, with HPV being a critical cause of cervical cancer and sexual health deterioration.
Critical for long-term sexual health
You should also get tested to ensure that you can have a normal sexual life long-term. Treating an STD is simplified with the right medication and treatment protocols. You can continue to have a safe and normal sexual life experience when you manage your disease effectively.
Preventing unknown spreading
You should also get STD tested as a precaution if you have multiple partners. This can help prevent unknown spreading, and risk of future medical or other issues from partners that may have contracted a disease from you.
Can STD testing be done through urine?
A variety of testing can be prescribed such as urine or blood, physical examination, swab test as suggested by the doctor. It is ideal to get tested via blood tests, so that you are able to get complete and accurate results. Blood tests are also more reliable and can be shared with doctors to get their opinion.
Are STD testing considered preventive care?
Testing for STDs and HIV fall under preventive care.
Does STD testing include hepatitis as well?
Yes, this STD home based test also includes a test for hepatitis B and C. These tests are scientifically designed to provide a complete detection kit for any risk factors relating to STDs.
How do I reduce my risk of contracting an STD?
With the right precautions, STDS and STIs are largely preventable. One of the best ways to stay safe while having sex is use condoms. Condoms are a preliminary barrier to the spreading of STDs within partners. It is also important to talk to your partner about testing for STDs prior to engaging in sex.
The CDC recommends that everyone get tested at least once every few months if you are sexually active with multiple partners. The only way to know for sure that you are negative for an STD is to get checked against multiple types of tests.
If the result is negative then you have stayed protected from contracting disease or infection sexually. Also regular sexual testing, AIDS tests, and rapid HIV test protocols can help you track your status over time if you have previously tested positive for HIV.
How can I prevent spreading an STD to other people?
The right approach to prevent spreading STDs to others is to get STI testing regularly. Consulting with your doctor about an HIV diagnosis can also help you become more aware of your status. You should only continue to have sex after your STD test is negative.
An STD panel test or sexually transmitted diseases test will be the right way to continue monitoring your STD status. You should consult with your health care provider about the right steps for treatment, including medication and regular testing.
What are the 3 types of tests for HIV?
The three main types of tests for HIV are antibody testing, RNA viral load determination test, and an antibody-antigen test. You should get tested as soon as you start to experience symptoms and have been at risk of exposure.
How to read HIV test results?
Results from laboratory tests are given as negative, positive or indeterminate.
Rapid blood tests show two lines if positive or one line if negative, in a similar way as a pregnancy test
Negative or non-reactive means you are HIV negative. You do not have HIV
Positive or reactive means the test shows you are HIV positive and you have HIV infection.
Indeterminate means the test result was unclear and needs to be repeated.
How soon can HIV be detected by a blood test?
There are 3 ways in which people living with HIV can get tested -
Nucleic Acid Test (NAT) - A NAT can usually tell you if you have HIV infection 10 to 33 days after exposure
Antigen/Antibody Test— This test can detect HIV infection 18 to 45 days after exposure. This is a type of blood test.
Antibody Test—An antibody test can take 23 to 90 days to detect HIV infection after an exposure. Antibody tests that use blood from a vein detect HIV sooner after infection than tests done with blood from a finger prick or with oral fluid.
How to get tested for HIV at home?
However, not recommended due to their higher inaccuracy rates, rapid testing kits are available in the market. MyDiagnostics on the other hand provides at-home, accurate testing for HIV and other STDs which are processed in an NABL accredited lab.
What is the cost of an HIV and STD home test kit in India?
An HIV test price in India via MyDiagnostics.in is INR 3500 after discount. STD checking is also including in the test kit, which allows for a comprehensive detection of presence of viruses. The STD testing cost covers a range of common disease indicators to help you find out if you are testing positive. The report of your test is emailed to you directly, which keeps your results private until you are ready to share them with someone.
What does an STD test include?
This test offered by MyDiagnostics offers STD testing across 9 parameters -
Anti Hepatitis C Virus (Anti HCV) - Total
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HbSAg)
Anti Chlamydia Antibody IgG
Anti Chlamydia Antibody IgM
Herpes Simplex Virus II (HSV) - IgG
Herpes Simplex Virus II (HSV) - IgM
Treponema Pallidium Antibody (TPAB)
Treponema Pallidium Haemagglutination (TP
VDRL (screening for Syphillis)
- HIV and STD home based blood tests can detect types of common Sexually Transmitted Diseases such as Chlamydia, genital herpes, treponema, Syphilis, HIV.
- Prevalence of STD is on the rise, in-case of symptoms or a doubt please get tested at home.
- Certain STD infections can cause long - term health problems like infertility but can be treated easily.
- Early detection of common STDs like chlamydia and herpes can help in starting the treatment early.
- Avoid consuming alcohol 24-48 hours before the blood test
- A fasting period of 10-12 hours should be followed before the test.