PCOS Blood Test at Home - Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Diagnosis
METABOLIC HEALTH (13)
- Glucose, Fasting
- Hemoglobin A1C
- Insulin, Fasting
- Cholesterol, Total
- LDL Cholesterol
- HDL Cholesterol
- VLDL Cholesterol
- Cholesterol/HDL Ratio
- Triglycerides/HDL Ratio
- HDL/LDL Ratio
SEX & FERTILITY HORMONES (8)
- Testosterone, Total
- Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Luteinizing hormone (LH)
- Anti Mullerian Hormone
- LH/FSH > 2.50 indicates presence of PCOS
- AMH > 3.5 ng/mL is predictive of PCOS
BLOOD HEALTH (14)
- Red Blood Cells
- Total WBC
Test Type - Blood
Test Mode - At Home
Turn Around Time - 24-48 hours
Fasting required - Yes
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges. It is common among women of reproductive age.
Polycystic ovary syndrome causes
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes PCOS. They believe that high levels of androgenic hormones prevent the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally.Genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation have all been linked to excess androgen production.
Polycystic ovary syndrome symptoms
The most common PCOS symptoms include -
- Irregular menstrual flow - A lack of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month.
- Heavy bleeding - The uterine lining builds up for a longer period of time
- Excess hair growth
- Acne - Male hormones can make the skin oilier than usual and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
- Weight gain
- Male-pattern baldness - Hair on the scalp gets thinner and causes hair loss
- Darkening of the skin - Dark patches of skin can form in body creases like those on the neck, in the groin, and under the breasts.
- Headaches - Frequent changes in hormone levels can trigger headaches in some women
Difference between pcos and pcod
PCOS and PCOD are different from one another as -
- Nature of the condition - PCOD is not considered to be truly a disease since with the right diet and exercise, it can be managed. PCOS, on the other hand, is a metabolic disorder.
- Cause - Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a disorder of the endocrine system, while PCOD is a condition developed by the imbalance of hormones. The theory is that high levels of androgenic hormones prevent ovaries from producing hormones and producing eggs normally. Insulin resistance and inflammation have also been linked to excess androgen production.
- Impact on pregnancy - Polycystic Ovarian Disease does not lead to infertility in all women and shouldn’t be considered an obstacle towards pregnancy. For women with PCOS, conception can be a challenge due to irregular hormonal levels. To conceive, one should have balanced hormonal cycles that can create an environment for the ovum to release and infuse with the sperm post-intercourse.
- How is the PCOS profile test done?
The blood test helps in the diagnosis of PCOS along with pelvic exam & ultrasound as suggested by the physician. The blood profile test is done to check for the symptoms of PCOS like high androgen levels, irregular menstrual cycle, weight gain.
- Can having PCOS affect the results of a pregnancy test?
No, it should not affect the results of a pregnancy test. Although women with pcos struggle with irregular periods and difficulty knowing the ovulation period. In case of a missed or late period the pregnancy test result is negative, do repeat the test a week later if your period has still not come.
- Does PCOS cause low testosterone?
Women with PCOS usually have increased levels of testosterone (free and total both). An increase in testosterone can interfere with your monthly menstrual cycle.
- Can PCOS affect ovulation tests?
An ovulation test to find a fertile window for conception might not give reliable results in the case of PCOS.
- Being one of the most common endocrine disorders in women, a PCOS profile test can highlight the underlying cause of infertility.
- These 36 parameters cover hormones like prolactin, FSH, AMH,TSH, LH, DHEA-S, Testosterone & estrogen, Blood sugar, CBC, heart health (cholesterol levels).
- Women of reproductive age struggling with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome who are looking to diagnose conditions and symptoms associated with PCOS like excess hair growth, irregular periods, weight gain.
- To reduce the risk for infertility, sleep apnea, endometrial or ovarian cancer due to PCOS.
- Overnight Fasting for the blood test is required.
- Drink water and no other beverage during the fasting period.