IBD (Inflammatory bowel disease)

Time to read 5 min

IBD or inflammatory bowel disease IBD is a term used to describe Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. In these conditions, there is inflammation in the intestines and irritation in the gastrointestinal tract. Some of the early symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, serious digestive issues, pain, etc.

There is also the condition referred to as indeterminate colitis inflammatory bowel disease, which can show signs of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. There is an autoimmune component to IBD, thereby differentiating it from other gastrointestinal conditions.

You should get tested for IBD and any other intestinal condition by getting a complete gut health check-up. This can provide early signs for autoimmune markers, kidney & liver health markets, CBC count, etc. anomalies.

IBD is also diagnosed through CT scans, X-rays, capsule endoscopies, and other measures to check for sites of damage. For severe cases, surgery is advised to ensure that the person is able to pass stool normally.

What is Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

The IBD full form is inflammatory bowel disease. The autoimmune condition of inflammatory bowel disease is referred to the conditions Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (UC). In the case of Crohn's disease, there can be swelling and inflammation in the digestive tract. This can be found at anywhere between the mouth and the anus, with regards to the gastrointestinal tract.

In the case of Ulcerative colitis, there can be swelling and inflammation in the large intestine (colon and rectum). The symptoms of both can differ, with the severity being distinct. A complete check-up can be performed to diagnose the condition, as well as to find the root cause of the inflammatory response. 

Causes of IBD

The exact cause of IBD is currently unknown, but doctors understand certain parameters and factors that can be related with inflammatory bowel disease. The risk of IBD also rises when someone has a family history with ulcerative colitis or other issues of the gastrointestinal tract.


Some diets may lead to higher cases of IBD and IBD symptoms, which is why a complete change in the diet is recommended. You should focus on more natural foods that are nutrient-dense and rich in fibre.


Excessive smoking and drinking can lead to irritation in the bowels. A chronic exposure to poor lifestyle decisions can lead to IBD in some people.

Family history

If you have someone in your family with the IBD diagnosis or is underdoing IBD treatment, then your risk factor rises as well. You should consult with your doctor about the impact of genetics and family history.

Environmental factors

Highly stressful situations, access to clean food and water, and environmental toxins can lead to symptoms of IBD. You should check for environmental factors that may lead to IBD.

Weakened immune system

If you are already susceptible to having a weaker immune system, then you may be at a higher risk factor for IBD. The disease can emerge as a immune response, as people with Crohn's disease can experience autoimmune symptoms. 

Main symptoms of IBD

You may have these symptoms if there is IBD present. You can also experience these symptoms in conjunction or separately, which is why tracking them is important.


If there is continuous irritation of the bowels, then there may be diarrhoea present. This can be a sign of IBD, especially if there is pain present as well.

Abdominal pain

Cramping and pain in the abdominal region may be a sign of IBD or other digestive health issues. You should check for pain severity and how smooth your bowel movements are prior to getting an IBD diagnosis.

Strong fever

A strong fever may be present, which is related to the autoimmune or weakened immune system response as a part of IBD.


Vomiting is another sign that there may be something wrong with the bowels in the body. If there is inflammation present because of IBD then vomiting can be an important sign to track.

Blood in stool

There may be blood present in the stool of the person, which is a sign that there may be scratching present or irritation and wounding present in the body.

Treatment for IBD

While medication and surgery are the most viable treatment options for IBD, you may want to also focus on other factors that are related to inflammation. You can focus on a comprehensive perspective to treating IBD, while also understanding why you are getting symptoms.


A range of corticosteroids, sulfasalazine (azulfidine), mesalamaine (Rowasa, Asacol), and balsalazide (colazal) may be prescribed depending on the condition and symptoms experienced. These are anti-inflammatory drugs and can provide significant relief.

Symptoms alleviation

You may be prescribed medication for vomiting, swelling, inflammation, etc. as well as immunosuppressants for your symptoms. These can help in easing the symptoms of IBD for many people.


Surgical procedures can be the way ahead for more serious cases, in which stoma or removing the damaged portion of the bowels will be performed. This is only done after a complete assessment is performed via CT scan, ultrasound, etc.

Dietary changes

There are several dietary changes for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, such as opting for natural foods, adding more nutrient-dense options, and including more fibre. You can also check for immune reactions for allergens.

Lifestyle improvement

By removing smoking and excessive drinking, you can significantly reduce the irritation and pain associated with IBD. You can also opt for yoga and meditation to alleviate stress-related inflammation, which can occur in some people. 


What is IBD disease?

Irritable bowel disease or IBD is an autoimmune condition that leads to inflammation and irritation of the gastrointestinal tract or GI.

Can you have constipation with IBD?

Yes, you can have constipation with IBD. It is one of the IBD symptoms that are preliminary for some individuals.

How do I know if I have IBD?

You can experience vomiting, swelling, pain, and other IBD symptoms. The IBD diagnosis can be provided by a doctor after a complete analysis.

Do IBD symptoms come and go?

You can have flare-ups and remission, as IBD symptoms can depend on a range of factors. You should consult with your doctor about the symptoms of IBD and how they impact IBD disease.

Is IBD an autoimmune disease?

Yes, IBD is regarded as an autoimmune disease. The IBD diagnosis is given after a comprehensive understanding of all symptoms and factors.

Is lymphocytic colitis an inflammatory bowel disease?

Yes, lymphocytic colitis is one type of IBD. You would need to get a diagnosis from your doctor about what is IBD and IBD treatment for lymphocytic colitis.

How do you treat inflammatory bowel disease?

There isn't a direct treatment protocol for IBD disease. You would need to understand what is IBD and get an IBD diagnosis, after which medication will be prescribed. Surgery is also an option for inflammatory bowel disease IBD. 

* Medical Disclaimer - The following information is for educational purposes only. No information provided on this website, including text, graphic, and images, are intended as substitutes for professional medical advice. Please consult with your doctor about specific medical advice pertaining to your condition(s).

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